This case involved competing claims to the title of the lands of Board and a dispute over the validity of Robert Fleming's descendence from the Flemings of Board. In 1758, Robert Fleming and his trustee John Grant brought an action of reduction against Lady Clementina Fleming to revoke her rights to the lands of Board. In 1761, Lady Clementina and her husband Charles Elphinstone initiated this counter-suit and brought an action of reduction against Robert Fleming and John Grant, in which they claimed that Robert Fleming was an illegitimate heir of the Flemings of Board and therefore had no claim over the lands of Board under dispute.